What is diabetes?
What are the different kinds of diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Other forms of diabetes
Is diabetes common?
What are the symptoms?
What are the causes?
Obesity, being overweight, and physical inactivity
Genes and family history
Unfortunately, there are some genes that can make an individual more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes. The condition tends to become prevalent within families. Additionally, it occurs most frequently within the following ethnic/racial communities:
• African Americans
• American Indians
• Alaska Natives
• Asian Americans
• Pacific Islanders
• Native Hawaiians
Also note that an individual’s genes can increase their susceptibility to type 2 diabetes by increasing their risk of becoming obese or overweight.
Over the course of time, individuals who have too much glucose in their blood can begin to experience health complications. Some of them include:
• Heart Disease
• Foot Problems
• Eye Problems
• Kidney Disease
• Nerve Damage
• Dental Disease
What is diabetic coma?
What are the causes of diabetic coma?
Diabetic coma is mainly caused by an extremely high or low blood sugar level. Conditions include:
• Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome
o Blood sugar could be as high as 600 mg/dL
o No ketones (byproducts of the breakdown of fatty acids) in urine
o Blood is thicker than normal
o Happens in people with Type 2 diabetes
• Diabetic ketoacidosis
o Could happen with a blood sugar as low as 250 mg/dL or even lower in some cases
o Body uses fatty acids instead of glucose for fuel
o Ketones develop in urine and bloodstream
o More common in people with Type 1 diabetes
What are the symptoms of diabetic coma?
The following symptoms are your body’s warning signs that your blood sugar (glucose) is too high or too low.
Whenever you have these symptoms, check your blood sugar. If it is too high or too low, treat it according to your healthcare provider’s instructions to prevent a diabetic coma. If you have had diabetes for a long time, you may fall into a coma without showing any of the symptoms.
Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) symptoms are:
• Abdominal pain
• Shortness of breath
• Increased urination
• Weak pulse
• Walking unsteadily
• Increased thirst
• Rapid heart rate
• Dry mouth
• Fruity smell to your breath
Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) symptoms are:
• Fast breathing
• Problems communicating
When blood sugar is too low, the brain does not receive enough fuel. This can be caused by:
• Drinking too much alcohol
• Eating too little
• Exercising too much
• Taking too much insulin
What are the risk factors of diabetic coma?
Whenever you have these symptoms, check your blood sugar. If it is too high or too low, treat it according to your healthcare provider’s
While anyone who has diabetes is at risk for a diabetic coma, the causes depend on the type of diabetes:
• People with Type 1 diabetes have a greater chance of going into a diabetic coma as a result of diabetic ketoacidosis or hypoglycemia. This is because people with Type 1 diabetes always use insulin and have a wider range in their blood glucose levels than people with Type 2 diabetes.
• People with Type 2 diabetes have a greater chance of going into a diabetic coma from diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome than from diabetic ketoacidosis or hypoglycemia.
Other risks that can lead to diabetic coma in anyone who has diabetes include:
• Insulin delivery problems
• Poor diabetes management
• Drinking alcohol
• Skipping doses of insulin
• Using illegal substances
insulin injection diabetic coma
When individuals go into a diabetic coma, they require immediately treatment. If there is a delay in treatment, the person could suffer from death or brain damage.
If the individual’s blood sugar was too high, treatment will include:
• Intravenous fluids
• Supplements of potassium, sodium, and phosphate
If the individual’s blood sugar is too low, treatment will include:
• 50% dextrose solution
• Intravenous fluids
• Glucagon (a hormone that increases the person’s blood sugar)
There are multiple strategies that can be implemented to reduce the individual’s susceptibility to a diabetic coma. Some of them include:
• Checking and recording your blood sugar according to the times recommended by the designated medical professional
• Knowing the symptoms for low and high blood sugar
• Learning about foods that impact your blood sugar levels and designing a customized meal plan that promotes blood sugar balance
• Not skipping meals
In today’s world, millions of people struggle with diabetes. To ensure that you can avoid the condition or treat it properly, it’s important to learn as much about it as possible. Review the information outlined above so that you can retain a clear, concise understanding of what this condition is and how it operates in the body. Also, share this information on social media so that more people can become conscious of the role that diabetes may play in their lives or that of a loved one.
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